AMRAP, as many reps as possible, is a training structure where you push as hard as you can to achieve the maximum number of reps in a specific time domain. AMRAPs allow for a variety of programming opportunities in regards to different time domains, rep counts, and exercise movements.
When done correctly, an AMRAP will leave you out of breath and burning a ton of fat, but if you lack motivation, it is easy to sandbag the workout.
Benefits of an AMRAP
The common element of all AMRAPs is time. Exercise movements, equipment used, the clothes that you wear, or the place where you are working out are irrelevant in an AMRAP. Setting a time and performing as much work as possible in that amount of time is the only important thing. This flexibility gives AMRAPs several benefits over other workout structures.
AMRAPs Can Be Done Anywhere With or Without Equipment
As I mentioned above, the place or the equipment is irrelevant for an AMRAP. You can design an AMRAP with barbells, cardio equipment, bodyweight movements, dumbbells, kettlebells, or practically anything you can lift, move, jump over or on, or run around. You can do them at home, at the track, in the gym, or your yard. The only thing you need is a watch.
Suitable for All Fitness Levels
If you are a technical Olympic weightlifter, then you can attempt as many reps of cleans in a minute, or if you are beginning your fitness journey, do 10 minutes of ten air squats and ten pushups for as many rounds as you can. AMRAPs are an excellent starting structure for the beginner or a way for an expert to practice specific movements.
AMRAPs are Easy to Modify — Increase the Work-to-Rest Ratio.
Since they can be flexibly programmed, time is not a limiting factor in scheduling an AMRAP. If you are short on time, program a high-intensity interval training style session with small work-to-rest ratios. If time is not a factor, you can program several different exercises into a single round, and attempt to achieve as many rounds as possible in a more extended time domain.
AMRAPs Help Burn Fat
Attempting to get as many reps as possible is very intense, and this intensity increases excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC), which in returns burns more calories and fat.
Excellent for Monitoring Progression
You can monitor your progression by repeating workouts. If you increase your rep total than you know you are improving, or if you drop off a few reps, you know you have some work to do.
Caution: Don’t Be Lazy–A Downside to AMRAPs
Without motivation, AMRAPs allows you the opportunity to put forth less than maximal effort. When you are tired, breathing hard, and your muscles are sore, it is easy to slow down. The best way to fight this urge is to set a rep goal before the workout. Base this target on a previous score, or if it is a new workout, it can be arbitrary. Whatever the case, pick a number and try to stick to it!
Different Kinds of AMRAPs
Since AMRAPs are flexible, they are a great way to train various energy systems by changing the time domain and exercises performed.
Short and Intense
Train the alactic system (power and explosiveness) with short duration and high-intensity efforts.
30 second Work with 2 Minutes Rest Between
Max calorie on Assault Bike
This work out is a series of 30 Second AMRAPS
Medium and Intense
With a medium duration of work, we will be training the body to cope with the effects of lactic acid.
3 minutes on with 2 minutes of rest between rounds
10 Burpee Box Jump Overs
15 Wall Ball Shots
20 Kettle Bell Swings
Repeat until the 3 minutes expires.
A long and intense workout will improve your aerobic endurance while testing your moxie.
20 calories on a C2 Rower
25 Wall Ball Shots
Repeat until the 20 minutes expires.
Just like its cousin, the EMOM, AMRAPs are an effective way of designing a workout. Since they are flexible, you can program them in all types of situations. They are good for bodyweight workouts and can be performed in a gym setting or at home. Remember to set a rep goal prior to the workouts, so you do not become lazy and sandbag the rounds.
Find more example workouts in our AMRAP pages.
I'm a has-been high school athlete who now enjoys CrossFit, baseball, and other athletic activities. As a profession, I design software, and I create the majority of I.M.s content. I do it for the fun of it, but I hope it helps others pursue fitness.